What Are The Differences Among Control States?
There are two distinct groups among the 17 control states. The first group is stricter and ultimately limits the sale of alcohol to state-run ABC stores. These states include Alabama, Idaho, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, and Washington.
In New Hampshire, alcoholic beverages are sold tax-free, attracting out-of-state customers. North Carolina is also somewhat unique in that stores can be run by local county and city governments.
The second group is where the state plays a more subtle role in controlling alcohol sales and distribution. Instead of asserting power at the retail level, these states allow alcohol to be sold in private outlets and work at the distribution/wholesale level, allowing them to determine what products will be sold at minimum prices.
These states include Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, Vermont, Wyoming, and West Virginia. If you would like a more detailed look at the alcohol policies in each state, check out the comprehensive guide developed by the National Alcohol Beverage Association.